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Conflicts and peace projects

Construcción de paz desde la perspectiva de las víctimas [1995-to present] (Peace construction from the victims’ perspective)

Team: Galo Bilbao, Izaskun Sáez de la Fuente, Xabier Etxeberria.

This project brings together various studies on violence in the Basque Country and its victims; the implications of adopting their viewpoint and the various contributions they make to peacebuilding from a non-partisan perspective. In these studies, the researchers’ team has delved into issues such as the participation of victims in peace processes, the breach in teachers’ neutrality in the face of the processes of victimisation and the evolution of Basque public opinion in the face of violence.
They have also addressed the role played by Gesto por la Paz in the delegitimisation of violence and the promotion of non-violent alternatives, as well as the reconstruction of coexistence based on the recognition of the moral asymmetry between victims and perpetrators. Some of the team members have participated in restorative justice initiatives in the Basque Country, such as meetings between victims and former members of ETA, the Greenclee experience of meetings between victims of different perpetrators and the Victim Educator programme.

Des-Vios - Rutas de desencanto: Testimonios de renuncia a la violencia política y claves críticas para su deslegitimación [2019-2022]

Team: Angela Bermudez (IP), Izaskun Sáez de la Fuente, Javier Martínez Contrera y Galo Bilbao.

DES-VIOS seeks to unravel the processes of enchantment and disenchantment with violence based on a case study of the renunciation of politically motivated violence in the Basque Country. The study will gather a diverse sample of testimonies from former ETA militants to analyze the origin and development of disenchantment processes that question the legitimacy of the use of violence as a strategy for political action and social transformation.

Comunidad de Aprendizaje: Enseñanza de la Historia y Construcción de la paz en Euskadi [2019-2021]

Team: Angela Bermudez (IP), Izaskun Sáez de la Fuente, Galo Bilbao y Cristina Pena.

This research and transfer project aims to explore the questions that Basque youth ask themselves about the Basque conflict and politically motivated violence. It seeks, through an intergenerational dialogue, to understand youth’s perspectives and needs. It also aims to involve them developing teaching proposals for the critical teaching of the history of the Basque Country's violent past that contribute to the delegitimisation of violence. The second phase will involve teachers and historians.
This project is being developed in collaboration with the Basque Youth Council (EGK) and is funded by BBVA.

More information

Ex-Vios: Exhibiciones de Violencia [2018-2021]

Team: Angela Bermudez (IP), Angélica Padilla, Rodoljub Jovanovic, Adriana Botero.

EX-VIOS focuses research on the potential of non-formal means of historical education to promote a critical understanding of political violence. To this end, they analyse how different violent pasts are represented in museum and memorial space exhibitions, in film and historical literature, in graphic novels, or different artistic formats.

: BBVA 2018-2019; Beca doctoral UE-Marie Sklodoska Grant- Beca Cofund Nº 665959

La extorsión en la empresa [2018-2020]

 CAE Team: Izaskun Sáez de la Fuente (IP) Cristina Aragón y Cristina Iturrioz (DBS)

This project analyses the reality of ETA extortion suffered by Basque companies with a two-fold objective. First, it seeks to identify the impact of extortion on behaviour, decisions, results and business development in the short and medium term. Secondly, it seeks to adapt existing frameworks of analysis on the impact of violence or extreme events on business reality, in order to apply them not only to the reality of Basque companies, but also to other social and business scenarios.

Funding: Basque Government and private foundations

Memorias institucionales de la violencia terrorista y reconciliación [2017-2020)]

Team: Izaskun Sáez de la Fuente (IP), Javier Arellano, Angela Bermudez, Galo Bilbao y Xabier Riezu

The aim of this project is to design a methodological guide to help different social organisations tackle an institutional memory project in order to understand their actions and dynamics against terrorist violence or other victimisation processes that take place in their environment. Its conceptual assumptions and methodological tools have been tested in six educational and social entities between 2017 and 2019.

Funding: Basque Government and private foundations.

Misivas del Terror: Análisis ético-político de la extorsión y la violencia de ETA contra el mundo empresarial (2012-2017)

Team: Izaskun Sáez de la Fuente (IP), Galo Bilbao y Xabier Exteberria

This project highlighted a dimension of ETA's activity that has gone unnoticed and recognised the thousands of victims who suffered a type of violence that sought to turn them into forced financers of the organisation's deadly activity.
The analysis of interviews and questionnaires helped to identify the main keys to the victimisation process and its consequences. It was clarified why it has been such an opaque phenomenon; the dilemmas faced by victims were assessed from the point of view of prudential ethics; the social roots of micro-extortion were determined and the responsibility of mediators, political parties, business organisations and society in general was evaluated.

Funding: Basque Government, Alava Provincial Council, Bilbao Town Council and several public and private sources.

Under-VIO - La comprensión de la violencia política a través de la educación histórica (2012-2016)

Team: Angela Bermudez (IP), Alan Stoskopf, Angélica Padilla, Diego Argumero, Irene Gantxegi

This project studied how history textbooks and teachers’ teaching practices in Colombia, Spain and the United States normalise or denormalise political violence. Based on this study, Ten Narrative Keys are proposed to analyse how the violent past is represented in historical accounts, and to design teaching practices that foster a critical understanding of violence.

Funding: Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (EU 7th Framework Programme 2012-2016) and Spencer Foundation Research Grant (2013-2014).

In the following video, we can see a practical application of the 10 narrative keys. A group of students from Georgetown University in Qatar use these keys to analyse their own experience as history students at school and the exhibition at the Gernika Peace Museum.