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Research projects now underway

Asylum policies in the European Union: convergence between internal and external dimensions (EURASYLUM)

Project title: Asylum policies in the European Union: convergence between internal and external dimensions

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Reference: DER2017-82466-R 

Funding entity: Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness

Funding amount: €19,360

Duration: 2018-2020

PI: Joana Abrisketa (University of Deusto).

Research team:
Javier González Vega (University of Oviedo), Paula García Andrade (Pontifical University of Comillas), Felipe Gómez Isa, Laura Gómez Urquijo, María Nagore Casas, Steffen Rasmussen, Sergio Caballero, Cristina Churruca and José Ramón Intxaurbe (University of Deusto).

Working group:
Elspeth Guild (University of Nijmejen), Thomas Gammeltoft (University of Aarhus), Violeta Moreno-Lax (Queen Mary University, London), Silvia Morgades (Pompeu Fabra) and Carmen Pérez Gónzález (University of Carlos III, Madrid) and David Fernández Rojo (University of Deusto).

Summary

1. Starting point. In view of the failure of the European Common Asylum System and the reforms that the EU's asylum policies are currently undergoing, the project aims to move forward with a plan of realistic and sustainable recommendations. The intention is to improve the EU’s asylum process both internally and externally. 

To date, studies on EU asylum policies have approached the subject from either the internal or external dimensions, but have not been based on a vision of both policies in a joint convergent manner. The value of this project lies precisely in contributing an analysis that addresses this reality from the complexity and connection of both dimensions.

2. Hypothesis. First: EU asylum policy falls within the global tendency to stop forced immigration, which is seen as a threat to stability and scarcely takes into account other more realistic long-term policies such as regularisation of said immigration and adoption of measures against human trafficking. Second: the mechanisms of the Common European Asylum System which is now in effect do not address the solidarity principle or the guarantee of enforceable rights in the EU and its member states. However, the current reforms do not reverse this orientation. Third: the external dimension of asylum, in other words, cooperation with third counties assumed by the EU and its member states, may raise controversy concerning competences in the EU and their compliance with the human rights of possible applicants for international protection.

3. Objectives: Propose an Asylum Recommendations Plan (ARP) in the EU, targeting its institutions and member states (objective 1). The global tendency of migratory policies which ban entry and their connection with EU measures will be analysed (objective 2); the deficiencies of the Common European Asylum System will be assessed, as well as reforms of the internal dimension (objective 3) and the instruments used by the EU and its member states with third countries to manage the external dimension of forced migration (objective 4).

 

 

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La desigualdad compleja en las sociedades plurales. Indicadores para las políticas públicas.

Título del proyecto:
La desigualdad compleja en las sociedades plurales. Indicadores para las políticas públicas.

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Financiación:
24.200 euros

IP:
Dolores Morondo
 

Investigadores:
Cristina de la Cruz, Elena Ghidoni, José Ramón Intxaurbe, Tina Magazzini, Asier Martinez de Bringas, Mariana Rosca, Eduardo Ruiz, Gorka Urrutia, Encarnación La Spina.

Resumen

El proyecto propone avanzar en el estudio de los fenómenos de desigualdad compleja (también llamada interseccional, múltiple, cumulativa) con la finalidad de producir indicadores útiles para el diseño y la evaluación de políticas públicas en materia de igualdad y lucha contra las discriminaciones. El proyecto parte de la hipótesis, avalada por la literatura científica y por informes recientes de organismos estatales, de que en España la investigación relacionada con los fenómenos de desigualdad compleja, en los que interaccionan factores diversos (religión, raza, status migrante, clase económica) y dinámicas diferentes (interseccionalidad, asociación, estereotipización), necesita un ulterior esfuerzo de revisión conceptual y de diagnosis de las fuentes normativas y sociológicas para poder generar dichos indicadores. La investigación propuesta se vale de la experiencia del equipo de investigación en proyectos anteriores, que se centraban en el estudio de las demandas y mecanismos de gestión de la diversidad religiosa, para analizar la complejidad de diversos casos de desigualdad que ponen la religión en relación con otros factores como la raza u origen étnico, el estatus migrante o la clase económica. Los objetivos que se plantean son: 1) revisar los elementos que caracterizan los fenómenos de desigualdad compleja tanto desde el punto de vista teórico como metodológico, escogiendo aquéllos que puedan funcionar como indicadores, 2) realizar un estudio diagnóstico de las fuentes normativas y sociológicas relativas a fenómenos de desigualdad compleja que permitan aplicar los indicadores, y 3) formular unos estudios de caso que permitan la validación del aparato teórico y la experimentación del conjunto de fuentes normativas y sociológicas así como de los indicadores identificados.

 

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Preparedness and Resilience to address Urban Vulnerability (PRUV)

Título del proyecto:
Preparedness and Resilience to address Urban Vulnerability (PRUV)

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Financiación:
Project 2016-2019: This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 691060

IP:
Cristina Churruca Muguruza
 

Investigadores:
Pablo Cortés Ferrández

Resumen

El IDH lidera el Work Package 2: “A protection approach to address urban resilience”, a través del estudio de caso en el municipio de Soacha (Colombia) y el apoyo al caso de Nairobi (Kenia).
El desafío planteado por la vulnerabilidad urbana es inmenso y está siendo agravado por la rápida urbanización no planeada, el cambio climático y la presión sobre los recursos. Si bien la percepción de que hay un cambio fundamental en el panorama de las crisis en las ciudades ya no es discutida, sin embargo los actores humanitarios están luchando con las complejidades de adaptar sus enfoques al contexto urbano. El proyecto tiene como objetivo informar de la necesidad urgente de reformar la intervención de la acción humanitaria y de la ayuda al desarrollo en las áreas urbanas para enfrentar el desafío planteado por la vulnerabilidad urbana.
Reunidos dentro del Consorcio PRUV hay una combinación de actores con una experiencia y experticia considerable en contextos urbanos que trascenderán disciplinas y sectores para enmarcar un nuevo paradigma de resiliencia y preparación para responder a los desafíos urbanos. Se trata de combinar las mejores prácticas existentes con el pensamiento innovador y la tecnología para cuestionar el estado actual del pensamiento crítico, con el fin de llegar a un enfoque novedoso, teniendo a las poblaciones urbanas afectadas en el centro.
Al combinar las perspectivas jurídicas, sociales, culturales, políticas y de salud pública de manera holística se añaden considerables aportes a la investigación sobre preparación y resiliencia, que, si bien no es nuevo en el sector de la ayuda en general, no se ha centrado suficientemente en los contextos urbanos hasta la fecha.
Las oportunidades de llevar a cabo la investigación con estudios de caso en África, Asia y América Latina se suman a la utilidad potencialmente amplia y la transferibilidad de los resultados a nivel mundial.


Thematic network of excellence: “The Time of Human Rights”

Funding: MINECO
Duration: 1-12-2014 / 30-11-2016
Reference: DER2014-53503-REDT
Total budget: 35,000€

 

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Objectives

The Time of Human Rights Network aims to analyse the role of human rights in contemporary societies from a global perspective, identifying the challenges and suggesting solutions that strengthen and expand the rule of law.

The comprehensive analysis of human rights proposed by the Network is directed to achieving practical outcomes. The purpose is to fill a traditional gap in work on human rights: being primarily centred in either theory or practice.

Accordingly, departing from a theoretical study, the analysis offers measures to shape public policy, design institutions and human rights agents’ course of action; it proposes responses to the great human rights challenges in the 21st century and establishes teaching and socialisation of human rights to raise social awareness of their value.


With respect to the above, the following specific objectives can be highlighted:

  • Promote quality research on human rights.
  • Monitor European and national regulations on human rights and elaborate public policy proposals from a human rights perspective.
  • Study, analyse, exchange and create methodological proposals and didactic resources related to education in human rights at all levels.
  • Create a space for exchange as well as communication channels between the academic world and social agents.
  • Promote and strengthen the social awareness of human rights; encouraging citizens to be aware of their rights and demanding of them.

     

Activities

The main activities carried out by the Network are as follow:

  • Conduct research projects on contemporary human rights challenges.
  • Organise scientific meetings.
  • Strengthen publications.
  • Enhancement of human rights postgraduate courses and training programmes.
  • Design of new human rights teaching methods, with particular focus on clinical methods.
  • Elaboration of proposals for the design of public policy.

 


Participants

The Time of Human Rights Network is formed by the 12 teams in the project entitled Consolider Ingenio 2010 “Time of Human Rights” and includes another 3 groups from a number of inter-university institutions and centres, which are a reference point in education, research and dissemination of human rights on the national and international scene.

1.Carlos III University of Madrid, Bartolomé de las Casas Institute of Human Rights.
2.The University of Deusto, Padre Arrupe Institute of Human Rights
3.University of Valencia, Institute of Human Rights.
4.Institute of Human Rights of Catalonia.
5.University of Valladolid, Human Rights Observatory
6.University of Jaén, Gregorio Peces-Barba Observatory.
7.Jaume I University, Human Rights Effectiveness Research Centre
8. “Information society and human rights” Laboratory, University of Vigo.
9.University of Zaragoza, Social rights implementation and effectiveness laboratory.
10.University of la Rioja, Socio-Legal Research Observatory of Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
11.University of Seville, “IT, Logic and Law” Research Team.
12.University of Cadiz, “Comparative Constitutional Law” Research Team.
13.University of Cantabria, Philosophy of Law Team.
14.Rovira I Virgili University of Tarragona, Philosophy of Law and Political Philosophy Team, Department of Public Law.
15. University of Alcalá, Legal Clinic of the Law Faculty.


Research areas

The project is focused on ten areas related to the contemporary human rights challenges: 

  • Rights in the context of ethics, politics and law
  • Organisation and international justice
  • Democracy, governance and participation
  • Implementation and effectiveness of human rights
  • Multiculturalism
  • Science and technology
  • Economic, social and cultural rights
  • Development and environment
  • Vulnerable groups
  • Freedom and security

 


Organisation chart

The Network is structured in different platforms- Education, Research and Dissemination- designed for the specific research areas mentioned above. A number of activities make up the different platforms:

The Research Platform seeks to develop the main study areas of the research programme: the key contemporary human rights challenges. The following activities are included: Publishing The Age of Human Rights Journal, Time of Human Rights Papers, preparation of “The Time of Rights” reports, which have a practical focus, “The Time of Rights” scientific meetings (on the thematic areas of network participants and other researchers).

The Educational Platform transfers the research results to the field of education, both postgraduate studies and courses for workers and professionals from the field of rights. The platform has three main activities: web-based postgraduate courses, directed to groups, professionals and legal clinics.

Finally, the Dissemination Platform ensures the adequate transfer of activities and their outcomes, and helps them reach institutions-companies-society. The platform has three main activities: creation of a webpage and social network accounts, holding a yearly conference “The Time of Rights” (Zaragoza 2015, Cádiz 2016) and publishing HURI AGE, a webpage with the titles of papers done by the Network, some of which are accessible online organized by thematic areas.

The academic nature of the Network and the excellence of its teams make HURI AGE an ideal tool for postgraduate education in human rights. It comes as no surprise that the main Spanish PhD and Master's programmes are integrated in the Network.


Publications

The researchers and centres in the Network conduct a significant research in the field of human rights, which is reflected in research journals, books and monographic series.

Some of this research is published in The Age of Human Rights Journal and the “The Time of Rights” Papers, jointly with works by other researchers.



Postgraduates degres

  • Master’s degree in Advanced Studies in Human Rights, Carlos III University of Madrid.
  • Ph.D. Programme in Advanced Studies in Human Rights, Carlos III University of Madrid.
  • Master’s degree in Human Rights, Democracy and International Justice, University of Valencia.
  • Ph.D. Programme in Human Rights, Democracy and International Justice, University of Valencia.
  • Erasmus Mundus Human Rights Policy & Practice, University of Deusto.
  • PhD programme in Human Rights: Ethical, Social and Political Challenges, University of Deusto.
     

Courses

  • Annual Human Rights Course, Institute of Human Rights, University of Catalonia
    The aim of many social change initiatives is a fairer society where the effectiveness of human rights can become a reality. Beyond the fundamentals and aim of these initiatives, human rights serve as a roadmap for a multi-layered and multi-sectoral course of action. There is no law or public and private action which does not impact the rights and dignity of the individual.
    During the course, the current situation of certain rights will be analysed and mechanisms to protect them will be studied. Groups and people who work to avoid their infringement will share their experiences, alternatives or new insight into human rights for a real social transformation
  • Training programme for Indigenous Leaders of Latin-America, University of Deusto.
    The training programme in human rights directed to indigenous peoples has been running since the year 2000. It is a result of collaboration between the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Pedro Arrupe Institute of Human Rights at the University of Deusto. It supported by the Directorate of Development Cooperation, Basque Government Department of Housing and Social Affairs


Further information

Webpage: http://redtiempodelosderechos.com/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/Red_HURIAGE
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/huriage
 

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